Political Communication is a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary academic publication that publishes research in politics and communications every quarter. The International Communication Association (ICA) and the American Political Science Association (APSA) co-sponsored the first issue of Political Communication in 1994. (APSA). Political Communication Review and Political Communication and Persuasion were two additional publications that were replaced by the journal.
Political Communication Review (PCR), a modest annual publication published by the ICA’s political communication division from 1975 to 1991, focused on providing bibliographies, book reviews, and descriptions of other scholarly resources. In 1991, the ICA and the APSA formed a joint publication committee to recommend that the two organizations co-sponsor a new journal. Political Communication was the new term that resulted. The journal’s editorial leadership was rotated between the two sponsoring organizations.
The New York Daily News is a morning tabloid newspaper published in New York City that was once the most widely circulated in the United States.
News after a few months. The New York Daily News was the country’s first successful tabloid newspaper. It was a subsidiary of the Tribune Company of Chicago and was created in 1919 as the Illustrated Daily News by Joseph Medill Patterson. It drew readers in with spectacular crime, scandal, and violent news, as well as gruesome pictures, cartoons, and other amusement elements. Its circulation had climbed to 1,520,000 by 1930, and by the next decade, it had risen to 2,000,000.
In the United States of the 1920s, the New York Daily News found enough of material. It emphasized political misconduct, such as the Teapot Dome Scandal, and social intrigues, such as the romance between Wallis Simpson and King Edward VIII, which led to his abdication, as did other popular dailies. The daily put a lot of emphasis on photography; in the 1930s, it was an early adopter of the Associated Press wire photo service and built up a big crew of photographers.
The Press’s Function
A functioning democracy is considered dependent on a free press. However, this liberty has its bounds. Some limits may be imposed because of concerns about defamation and national security, and news blackouts or information restrictions have occurred in the past during military emergencies. The increased frequency of threats made against journalists reporting from political or military stress places, where the press card once granted the right to independent reporting, is even more concern.
Newspapers can play a critical role in conveying a balanced image of national affairs and aiding the rise of literacy in Third World emerging countries. However, repression of independent thought is typical in such regimes. Even in the industrialized West, press freedom is far from universal, notwithstanding the Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ affirmation of such liberty (Article 19).
In truth, for a large portion of the world’s population, an independent press remains a pipe dream. For example, the People’s Republic of China believes that Western press freedom is illusory since a wealthy few control what is printed. In contrast, access to the press in communist countries is truly free. Distortion of the truth can occur whenever newspaper ownership approaches monopoly, or even when few groups control it, as in certain Western countries. As illustrated by the blog and the Internet news site, new technology provides a way out of this deadlock by allowing for the broad dissemination of multiple viewpoints. These new communication platforms can make minority’ voices heard that have previously gone unheard. However, such specialized sources tend to reach very small audiences, many of whom agree with the offered viewpoints.
Contemporary journalists are intimidated, attacked, and killed as observers of political, economic, and social trends. The freedom to gather, disseminate, and publish news is so important after Guillermo Cano Isaza, a Colombian journalist who advocated harsh punishments for narcotics traffickers and was killed in 1986. Several non-governmental organizations (NGOs) monitor threats to journalists and issue reports analyzing the state of press freedom throughout the world with the help of UNESCO.
The expense of reporting and transmitting news can impose considerable restraints on a free press, in addition to censorship and fear of repression. While the Internet has made the distribution of news and opinion more affordable, the more conventional business of journalism—television and radio broadcasting, as well as journal and newspaper publishing—remains a costly and, in many cases, limiting element in the free exchange of information. Access restrictions can be found in dictatorships, underdeveloped countries, and rich democracies.
Above all, the serious newspaper has shifted its focus to provide in-depth coverage, analysis, and commentary on a wide range of current events. As publishers deal with more sophisticated readers in most Western countries, the quality of newspaper coverage of business affairs, the arts, and social concerns is becoming increasingly crucial. Newspapers serve as a venue for serious debate, a vehicle for creative expression, and a protector of the written language, even as they adapt to the styles and interests of the day.